F&M College Library

The Research Process

MLA

The Modern Language Association (MLA) citation and format style guide is commonly used to "cite sources within the language arts, cultural studies, and other humanities" (Purdue OWL). 

For more information on MLA and examples of citations, visit the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) MLA website and navigate using the left-hand side menu. 

APA

The American Psychological Association (APA) citation and format style is "most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences" (Purdue OWL).  

For more information on APA style and examples of citations, visit the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) website and navigate using the left-hand side menu. 

The College Library also provides direct access to the APA Online Handbook

Chicago (CMOS)

The Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS or just Chicago) citation and format style is "most commonly used to cite sources within history and the arts" (Purdue OWL). 

For more information on Chicago and examples of citations, visit the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) Chicago website and navigate using the left-hand side menu. 

The College Library also provides direct access to the Chicago Manual of Style

ACS

The American Chemical Society (ACS) Style Guide is commonly used for "research papers in the field of chemistry" (Williams College). 

For help, consult Chapter 14 of The ACS Style Guide. The College Library also provides access to the full text of The ACS Style Guide

CSE

The Council of Science Editors (CSE) citation style was developed for citing references and content within the field of biology.

For more information on CSE and how to use the style, consult The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers. Access provided by the College Library. 

Citation: A (Very) Brief Introduction

What is citation? Why do we cite? 

Citation Management Tools

Citation Management Tools, like Zotero and Mendeley, can help you stay organized when researching by gathering and organizing citation info for your sources. 

There are pros and cons to each tool, but we recommend starting with Zotero, since it's a open-source tool that you can take with you after you leave F&M. For more information on Zotero & Mendeley, visit the links below.